Paris France History
It is astonishing that so much of the way Paris works has been preserved, and where better to revisit the history of Paris than in a specialised museum dedicated to telling the complicated history of its France? If you want to deepen the relationship between the history of Paris and its monuments, you can visit these 10 historical monuments of Paris. This guide to Paris traces the millennia of history of buildings in Paris, from the most famous to the smallest and opaque. What amazes me is that, despite all this, a great mystery remains about Paris and how it works.
The ancient University of Paris, which first appeared in the second half of the 12th century and was reorganized in 1970, was swept away and became part of the University of France. In the late 19th century it was swept into the city of France and part - the University of France and later the Universite de Paris.
At the outbreak of the French Revolution in 1789, he was removed from power and taken to Paris and beheaded. He also fought a war with his brother-in-law, King Louis XVI of France, and was beheaded in his prison cell.
Henry was crowned King of France and Paris was besieged almost continuously by the French throughout the entire period. He refused, leading to a four-month siege that completely destroyed the left bank of the Seine.
In 1338, however, the Hundred Years "War between France and England began, and Paris was devastated by the Black Death in 1348. The conflict led to a series of civil wars between the French and the English, which eventually led to the death of King Henry IV of England and his son Henry VII. In 1355, a Hundred Years "War broke out between England, France, Germany and Spain, which ended with a victory for the King of Spain and a defeat for Henry VIII of France.
In 1419, in the heat of the Hundred Years "War, Paris was occupied by the Burgundy and lost its position as the seat of the French monarchy until 1435, when the Treaty of Arras returned Paris to Charles VII. The French capital became the center of Europe during the Enlightenment, and indeed the city soared on an intellectual level. Under Louis XV, it became the home of a school of thought that stood up for reason and logic and helped to create the intellectual framework for the American and French revolutions. After Versailles, however, the court moved back to Paris and in 1429, under the rule of King Louis XIV of France.
When Gustave Eiffel began construction in 1889, the tower was anything but a Parisian landmark and was only meant to be temporarily located in the "Parisian landscape." When it rose in 1890, Paris was the envy of the world and enjoyed its Belle Epoque.
The Industrial Revolution gradually changed the economic structure of Paris and in 1830 the Duc d'Orleans, a former banker, became king. French politics was once again in disarray and Paris was in turmoil, Louis seized his chance.
In 861 Paris passed to the Capetins, who in 987 handed over the French throne to Hugues theCapet. The title of the capital was returned to him in 888 when he went to Aachen.
The first people who could really be called Parisians were the Gauls, but the name Paris was finally adopted in the 5th century AD. Around 300 AD, the city became known as the Civitas Parisiorum (City of Paris), and it was here that the name City Paris Cite came. The city was then given the title CivitasParisorium, which means City of Parisians.
Paris was founded at the end of the 3rd century BC by the Gauls, who were called the Parisians. The history of Paris begins with a Celtic tribe, the Parisians, who built a fortress and settlement here in the third century. In the 4th century, Paris was also founded on what is now the Ile de Cite by a tribe of Celtic Gaulans, the "Parisians."
Paris gradually recovered from the Hundred Years War and King Francois moved his court to the city in 1528. The Valois dynasty restored Paris as the capital of France and introduced the Italian Renaissance, which flourished in the Loire Valley, where later French kings built magnificent palaces.
France remained divided over whether the man who turned Paris into the City of Light was really a master planner or an imperialist megalomaniac. It was Napoleon III who changed the face of Paris by giving the town planner Baron Haussmann a free hand to modernize the city. The Paris we see today was largely given to Napoleon II, his son and successor Napoleon I.
In 1789, the French Revolution marked the end of the monarchy and triggered a 10-year period of chaos and execution that ended with Napoleon Bonaparte's takeover in 1799. Richelieu is best known for his role in establishing an all-powerful monarchy in France and paved the way for the rise of Napoleon II and his successor Napoleon III. The ideas that emerged from this enlightened period formed the basis of France's modern political and economic system, as well as its modern culture.